On April 26, 1981, ranchers and farmers who supported the revolution founded the Union Nacional de Agricultores y Ganaderos . This union would act to defend the pursuits of small and medium sized producers, the majority of Nicaraguan farmers. At the identical time, limits have been positioned on the non-public agricultural sector.
Before responding to the question of Sandinista failure to carry out "permanent revolution", it might be helpful to try to put this theory into historic context. Although we tend to connect the term to Leon Trotsky, it appeared in the writings of Marx himself.
Clearly not, since they were sturdy supporters of the revolution. Should it have been these farmers who had been dragging their toes and never producing up to par? Accusations that the Sandinistas betrayed socialist possibilites for Nicaragua should be weighed in opposition to the realities of the Nicaraguan political economic system. However, the capitalist class--such as it was--was concentrated in the agricultural sector. To put it bluntly, Nicaragua was a rustic of the petty bourgeoisie.
In the cities, the proletariat was far outnumbered by self- employed artisans. https://celerywrist62.bladejournal.com
In the countryside, the bulk of the inhabitants lived on small to medium sized farms. Farmers and ranchers were enthusiastic supporters of these reforms.
There always has been a rigidity in Marx and Engels between a so-referred to as "stagist" thought of socialist revolution and one thing resembling Trotsky's notion of permanent revolution. These are the sorts of questions that Marxists have to pose when discussing Nicaragua. I wish to try to explain why "theories" that aren't deeply woven together with social and economic reality on a continual basis can rapidly turn into dogma. In my concluding post, I will examine Sandinista errors and their role in the collapse of the Nicaraguan revolution.
The Sandinistas combined-economy was entirely consistent with the insurance policies and outlook of revolutionary socialism. Outcries that they squandered the opportunity to become "socialist" aren't based mostly on an understanding of Nicaraguan reality. The tempo of the Nicaraguan revolution was dictated by the extent of development of the Nicaraguan working-class materially and in its consciousness. As increasingly more of the population grew to become proletarianized, the probabilities would enhance.